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2006 Pontiac G6 | G6 (VIN Z) Service Manual | Document ID: 1576513
ABS Description and Operation
This vehicle is equipped with the DBC7.2 antilock braking system.
The vehicle is equipped with the following braking systems:
• Antilock brake system (ABS)
• Dynamic rear proportioning (DRP)
• Traction control system (TCS)
• Vehicle stability enhancement system (VSES) (w/FX3)
The following components are involved in the operation of the above systems:
• Electronic brake control module (EBCM)--The EBCM controls the system functions and detects failures.
The EBCM contains the following components:
- System relay--The system relay is energized when the ignition is ON and no ABS DTCs are present. It supplies battery positive voltage to the solenoid valves and pump motor.
- Brake pressure sensors--The EBCM contains 2 brake pressure sensors that monitor applied master cylinder pressure to the wheels. The EBCM uses the brake pressure inputs to enhance VSES.
- Vent tube--The vent tube, located in the EBCM connector, is an opening to the internal cavity of the EBCM. It allows ventilation of the EBCM internals.
• Brake pressure modulator valve (BPMV)--The BPMV contains the hydraulic valves and pump motor that are controlled electrically by the EBCM. The BPMV uses a 4 circuit configuration with a diagonal split. The BPMV directs fluid from the reservoir of the master cylinder to the left front and right rear wheels and fluid from the other reservoir to the right front and left rear wheels. The diagonal circuits are hydraulically isolated so that a leak or malfunction in one circuit will allow continued braking ability on the other.
Important: There is a rubber isolator located under the BPMV and on the mounting studs. The rubber isolators protect the BPMV and the EBCM from vehicle vibrations.
• The BPMV contains the following components:
- Pump motor
- Inlet valves (one per wheel)
- Outlet valves (one per wheel)
- Master cylinder isolation valves (one per drive wheel)
- Prime valves (one per drive wheel)
• Wheel speed sensors (WSS)--As the wheel spins, the wheel speed sensor produces an AC signal. The EBCM uses this AC signal to calculate wheel speed. The wheel speed sensors are replaceable only as part of the wheel hub and bearing assemblies.
• Traction control switch--The TCS is manually disabled or enabled using the traction control switch.
• Brake pedal position (BPP) sensor--The EBCM receives a serial data message from the body control module (BCM) to indicate that the brake pedal is applied.
• Yaw rate sensor (w/FX3)--The EBCM uses the yaw rate sensor to determine the rate of rotation along the vehicle's vertical axis. The yaw rate sensor is packaged with the lateral accelerometer as a single component.
• Lateral accelerometer (wFX3)--The EBCM uses the lateral accelerometer to determine the sideways acceleration of the vehicle. The lateral accelerometer is packaged with the yaw rate sensor as a single component.
• Steering wheel position sensor (SWPS) (w/FX3)--The EBCM uses the SWPS as an indication of the position and rotation of the steering wheel.
The electronic brake control module (EBCM) performs one initialization test each ignition cycle. The initialization of the EBCM occurs when one set of the following conditions occur:
Both of the following conditions occur:
• The EBCM detects that there is a minimum of 500 RPM from the engine control module (ECM) via a serial data message.
• The brake pedal position sensor (BPP) is not applied.
Both of the following conditions occur:
• The vehicle speed is greater than 16 km/h (10 mph).
• The BPP is applied.
The initialization sequence may also be commanded with a scan tool.
The initialization sequence cycles each solenoid valve and the pump motor, as well as the necessary relays, for approximately 1.5 seconds to check component operation. The EBCM sets a DTC if any error is detected. The initialization sequence may be heard and felt while it is taking place, and is considered part of normal system operation.
The EBCM defines a drive cycle as the completion of the initialization sequence.
Antilock Brake System
When wheel slip is detected during a brake application, the antilock brake system (ABS) enters antilock mode. During antilock braking, hydraulic pressure in the individual wheel circuits is controlled to prevent any wheel from slipping. A separate hydraulic line and specific solenoid valves are provided for each wheel. The ABS can decrease, hold, or increase hydraulic pressure to each wheel brake. The ABS cannot, however, increase hydraulic pressure above the amount which is transmitted by the master cylinder during braking.
During antilock braking, a series of rapid pulsations is felt in the brake pedal. These pulsations are caused by the rapid changes in position of the individual solenoid valves as the electronic brake control module (EBCM) responds to wheel speed sensor inputs and attempts to prevent wheel slip. These pedal pulsations are present only during antilock braking and stop when normal braking is resumed or when the vehicle comes to a stop. A ticking or popping noise may also be heard as the solenoid valves cycle rapidly. During antilock braking on dry pavement, intermittent chirping noises may be heard as the tires approach slipping. These noises and pedal pulsations are considered normal during antilock operation.
Vehicles equipped with ABS may be stopped by applying normal force to the brake pedal. Brake pedal operation during normal braking is no different than that of previous non-ABS systems. Maintaining a constant force on the brake pedal provides the shortest stopping distance while maintaining vehicle stability.
The electronic brake control module (EBCM) closes the inlet valve and keeps the outlet valve closed in order to isolate the system when wheel slip occurs. This holds the pressure steady on the brake so that the hydraulic pressure does not increase or decrease.
The electronic brake control module (EBCM) decreases the pressure to individual wheels during a deceleration when wheel slip occurs. The inlet valve is closed and the outlet valve is opened. The excess fluid is stored in the accumulator until the return pump can return the fluid to the master cylinder.
The electronic brake control module (EBCM) increases the pressure to individual wheels during a deceleration in order to reduce the speed of the wheel. The inlet valve is opened and the outlet valve is closed. The increased pressure is delivered from the master cylinder.
Dynamic Rear Proportioning (DRP)
The dynamic rear proportioning (DRP) is a control system that replaces the hydraulic proportioning function of the mechanical proportioning valve in the base brake system. The DRP control system is part of the operation software in the electronic brake control module (EBCM). The DRP uses active control with existing ABS in order to regulate the vehicle's rear brake pressure.
The red brake warning indicator is illuminated when the dynamic rear proportioning function is disabled.
Traction Control System (TCS) (NW9)
When drive wheel slip is noted while the brake is not applied, the electronic brake control module (EBCM) will enter traction control mode.
First, the EBCM requests the engine control module (ECM) to reduce the amount of torque to the drive wheels via the requested torque signal circuit. The ECM reduces torque to the drive wheels by retarding spark timing and turning off fuel injectors. The ECM reports the amount torque delivered to the drive wheels via the delivered torque signal circuit.
If the engine torque reduction does not eliminate drive wheel slip, the EBCM will actively apply the drive wheel brakes. During traction control braking, hydraulic pressure in each drive wheel circuit is controlled to prevent the drive wheels from slipping. The master cylinder isolation valve closes in order to isolate the master cylinder from the rest of the hydraulic system. The prime valve then opens in order to allow the pump to accumulate brake fluid in order to build hydraulic pressure for braking. The drive wheel inlet and outlet solenoid valves then open and close in order to perform the following functions:
• Pressure hold
• Pressure increase
• Pressure decrease